The tragic death of Chadwick Boseman is heart breaking and the world has lost a great talent. Boseman gained international acclaim in “Black Panther” though also gained great acclaim for his portrayal of ground breaking African American athlete, Jackie Robinson in the film ’42’.
The film was directed by Brian Helgeland and starred Boseman, Harrison Ford, Nicole Beharie and Lucas Black and shows the huge struggles and odds, Jackie Robinson had to overcome to gain his status as one of the greatest baseball players of all time.
Boseman, in the title role of Robinson, exudes calm, maturity, spirit as well as the loneliness Robinson must have felt at times as he simply tried to play the game he loved. ’42’ is a fitting tribute to both……
Tag-line “His people needed a leader. He gave them a champion”
“François, thank you for what you have done for our country.” – Nelson Mandela as he handed over the 1995 Rugby World Cup to SA captain Francois Pienaar
“No, Mr. President. Thank you for what you have done.” – Pienaar
After the fall of apartheid, how did Nelson Mandela seek to build bridges between all his people? How significant was South Africa’s 1995 Rugby World Cup win?
To some, rugby and the Springboks (team nickname) were seen as the symbol of apartheid. How did the 1995 South African (now SA) rugby team win over the hearts of the normally soccer mad Black majority?
Always more than mere games, globally, sports can be a powerful force for good and change. The historical 1995 Rugby World Cup is a great example of this. For decades (until the early 1990’s), apartheid meant that the Blacks were often treated as second class citizens. Apartheid was rigidly enforced as a means to enforce white minority control over the SA’s economic and social systems. Policies meant Blacks were disadvantaged in many different areas of society, ranging from education, jobs to areas where they could live.
Rugby and Springbok Symbolism
Rugby has a long history in SA. The game was first brought to the nation by the British. After the Boer war, the game was taken up with greater enthusiasm by the Afrikaners (Dutch speaking settlers). To beat the British at their own game was seen as a way of getting ‘revenge’. A passion soon became a near religion but also a symbol of oppression and as South Africa became more isolated due to international sanctions, its sporting teams reached near pariah status. Throughout apartheid, Blacks in SA loathed the Springboks and all they stood for. In the early nineties, apartheid began to crumble:
* Mandela was released from prison after 27 years
* The ANC (African National Congress) swept into power after democratic free elections.
* Mandela was elected president in 1994.
Long-standing problems still persisted; resentment from both blacks for decades of unfair treatment and violent incidences (Soweto uprising against the use of Afrikaans, the murder of Black Consciousness leader Steve Biko and the assassination of political figurehead Chris Hani), whites adjusting to their sudden loss of status and the fear of right wing armed uprising. All this, with the eyes of the world watching….
The Film – ONE NATION, ONE TEAM
The Rugby World Cup was scheduled to be hosted in SA in 1995. This was the moment, sports mad Mandela saw the perfect opportunity to unite his new nation as one ‘Rainbow’ nation. Mandela (played by Morgan Freeman. Directed by Clint Eastwood) seized this chance. But how would he bring the soccer mad Blacks to cheer for the Springboks, an all White team (expect for Chester Williams) they had been brought up to dislike. Ever the diplomat, Mandela invited then team captain, François Pienaar (Matt Damon) to have tea with him. There, Mandela shared his hopes and dreams and stressed that the Springboks were integral to his vision for a new South Africa. He pictured Blacks and Whites cheering for one team as one nation. Pienaar passed on Mandela’s important message to his team mates. The Springboks were to be a driving force for social change. Other measures were taken to promote unity:
The new national flag grew in importance.
The new national anthem “Nkosi Sikelele Afrika” (God Bless Africa) which incorporated the old anthem “Die Stem”, was proudly sung at all SA matches for the first time.
But the question remained, would the Black majority support the team?
As the tournament progressed, all doubts were forgotten as the entire nation cheered on the team as they progressed to the final. Fear gave way to a sense of collective community. On June 24, 1995 (Johannesburg), before the final against New Zealand; in a powerful scene, Mandela (wearing a green Springbok jersey) went to shake the hands of the Springboks and even more symbolically, the Springboks belted out the new anthem with great vigour.
The dream was achieved after SA defeated the mighty “All Blacks” in a tense final. At the end, the predominately White stadium crowd chanted “Nelson…Nelson”. On this historical day, the ‘Rainbow’ nation was born. A nation which of course faced many problems (and still does) but at least the foundations were laid for a brighter future.
Next year, another chapter of South African sporting history will be written. The 2010 FIFA World Cup will be held in South Africa. The world’s most popular game is coming to Africa for the first time. If the SA team do well then expect the nation to unite behind Bafana Bafana (The Boys) and to build on their own historical 1996 African Cup of Nations win. SA still has many social problems but with each sporting success, it seems the country ‘heals’ both emotionally / spiritually and apartheid fades further into the past. Sport IS a powerful force for change. Nelson Mandela was aware of this and for a magical moment in 1995, he and the SA team truly united their country for the first time.
Brad Pitt’s latest film “Moneyball” focuses on the financial divide which exists in professional sports; in this instance, baseball. The film (from the excellent book by M. Lewis) covers the true story of the 2002 Oakland Athletics (Major League baseball), their then general manager Billy Beane (Brad Pitt) and how he revolutionized the game after being faced with relentless budget constraints.
The unwritten but well-known rule is, the wealthier the team, the greater their success. Financial clout is the difference maker and it is very difficult to have a level playing field when another team has a USD 100 million budget greater than your own. The respective US draft systems attempt to offer a greater sense of fairness but ultimately the richer teams, like the NY Yankees, will always win through. Sky high budgets means greater wages and hence, ‘better’ quality players which translates to on field success. This is a given and harsh reality of capitalism and the free market economy.
The 2002 A’s lost three of their best players to wealthier teams; their limited budget meant they could not replace them with players of an equal standard because they simply could not afford too.
Beane then sought to use economics and maths concepts to find players whom had fallen off the scouting radar; players who were undervalued but whom still were considered excellent players. Initially, the ideas were of course scorned as people are often afraid of change and traditionalists refused to adhere to this revolutionary new line of thinking.
The A’s hired MBA graduates and economic majors and built up a complex system where they could further utilize data and graphs to measure how good players were. The system is known as saber-metrics and went beyond looking at stats such as batting averages and stolen bases and reviewed other aspects such as on base percentages and a whole host of other stats which could keep even the most avid of fans google-eyed in amazement. The ideas worked for the A’s and they became a greater competitive force and unknown players picked up from the minor leagues, high school and college suddenly were thrust into the big leagues and holding their own.
Such was the impact of the concepts and theories branded around in the book “Moneyball” that other professional sports teams have began to use the same techniques to differing success.
Such is the financial gap between the “haves” and “have-nots” in the professional sports that any little advantage, no matter how small, will be reviewed and analyzed by the ‘smaller’ teams who are looking to punch above their weight. The sports field has always been the great leveler but occasionally brains does win out over brawn……..
“Moneyball” is a great modern day sports film and well worth watching!
London is a bustling cosmopolitan city with over ten million people in both the City of London and Greater London. It is a hive of ceaseless activity with an incredible diversity of people from all around the world. It is this cultural tapestry and blend of people which gives it such energy, hustle and bustle.
Given the nature of the city, there are many different world’s within this great metropolis which are as far away from the tourist postcard friendly view of the city than could possibly be.
‘Dirty Pretty Things’, directed by Stephen Frears, tells of the other London, the underside of London of illegal workers and migrants. London is percieved as the land of milk and honey for people from developing nations hoping to build better lives for themselves. The percieved reality is always different from the fantasy that can be presented sometimes with tragic consequences.
The film portrays a society that many do not know exist or are even aware of. The London of this film does not show any of the normal London sights and not a single ‘native’ Londoner is seen in the film until the last few scenes. This London is gritty and unforgiving and full of people desperate to work, adapt to a new culture and get by while at the same time trying to become established legitimate citizens while at the same time not being deported.
‘Dirty Pretty Things’ stars Amelie Tautou, Chiwetel Ejiofer, Benedict Wong and Sergi Lopez. It paints a very sympathetic view of migrant (illegal or otherwise) life in the UK and People often forget that many migrants and asylum seekers have legitimate claims to move to a new country; their lives are in danger or extreme poverty forces them to risk life and limb for a better life for themselves and their children. DPT shows the story of several characters from all around the world whose lives intersect for a brief period as they plan the next stage of their lives.
‘Dirty Pretty Things’ is a very human story with characters, with simple dreams, you truly feel for as they try make their dreams a reality in a world that does not fully accept them and their plight.
The trailer is not very good and portrays the film as a thriller….!
Home is truly where the heart is…where a person is born and raised are quintessentially key to a person’s character, development and attitude. The streets you walk in your youth fundamentally shape your life perception as is company you keep and the enclosed community with whom you bond. A sense of belonging and experiences in a city or town is what can instantly draw strangers together. For better or worse, it made you who you are…….
Ben Affleck often plays homage to his hometown of Boston in the films he has both written, directed and starred in. Affleck constantly veers away from the tourist friendly ‘postcard’ view of his beloved city and portrays the gritty underbelly of everyday working society simply just trying to get by. His films are often ‘love letters’ to his hometown and the greatest star of each piece, the city itself and the unique characteristics which defines it.
Through Affleck’s vision, people’s morality, actions and judgments are often questionable but never truly clear cut; survival is key and communities close ranks against outsiders in the first sign of trouble. In this world, the line between the straight and narrow and crime blurs into one……
“GONE BABY GONE”
Affleck directed and co-wrote “Gone Baby Gone” which starred his younger brother Casey Affleck. Based on the Dennis Lehane novel, the story follows two world weary cops in a race against time to find a kidnapped girl. The story weaves an intriguing web of characters all of whom have different motives to solve the case and of course, not everyone is who they seem…..
Another crime drama with Ben Affleck in a leading role. “The Town” tells of a member of a gang of bank robbers who falls in love with a female bank manager of one of the organizations they target. It ultimately is a story of redemption and trying to break the communal tribal and blood bonds which can hold a person back in life. Sometimes to be successful, a person has to leave their past behind in order to excel………
Of course, you can never forget “Good Will Hunting”, the film which launched him to super-stardom and “Mystic River” by Clint Eastwood and again based on a novel by Dennis Lehane. Both again have a grittiness permeating throughout.
“WELCOME” is an award winning French film dealing with the tough issues of refugees and migration in the Northern port city of Calais, France. “Welcome” presents the lives of desperate people in seemingly desperate circumstances.
The film, directed by Philippe Lioret focuses on Bilal (Firat Ayverdi), a young Kurd, who, having failed to cross the Channel hidden in a lorry is now desperate to get into the UK at any cost, no matter how bad the risk. Such is his need that he asks a local swimming instructor Simon (Vincent Lindon) to train him to swim across the daunting channel. A feat very few people have achieved unaided.
There are few things which cause men to do certain actions. What is Bilal’s motivation? Aside from his dream of a better life, his is, of course, love. His girlfriend lives in London and he longs to be with her.
Simon is both world-weary and in the midst of divorce. Initially reluctant to help, a longing for his ex-wife (a refugee volunteer) and the injustice he sees stirs him into action. In the face of huge risks, he befriends, trains and mentors Bilal and a sense of empathy grows between the two. The have an uneasy yet close relationship and Simon sees such great naïvety in Bilal but respects him for his dreams of a better life and the drive he has to fulfil it.
Bilal has already travelled 4000km almost on foot and endured torture to get to Calais. He is ready to risk his life to overcome the final hurdle, the vast emptiness of the channel.
“WELCOME” has been a smash hit in France and is now slowly gaining greater popularity around the world on the film festival circuit. Some members of the French government have criticised the film for how it shows the authorities in a bad light. Others have praised the piece for its realism and sense of empathy. Like any thought-provoking film, the piece has polarised opinions.
The characters and their sense of desperation are well portrayed. Often seen as mere faceless and nameless numbers, the refugees in the film, are fleshed out and their humanity is for all to see. As the film progresses, you gain a greater sense of empathy with their plight and their simple dreams which sadly, for the majority, will not be achieved.
Does Bilal make it across the channel? Regardless of the result, the film and the characters will stay with you long after you leave the cinema.
“Babel” is one of the truly most “international” films ever-made and tells of a truly multi-layered and complex story set across several continents and cultures. Babel was directed by auteur Alejandro González Iñárritu with a global cast from all around the world including Brad Pitt and Cate Blanchett (Morocco story), Gael Garcia Bernal and Adriana Barraza (US/ Mexico Story) and Rinko Kikochi (Japan Story).
All the interweaving stories are linked by one incident early in the film which sets off repercussions all around the world. Babel presents that we are all interlinked in life; beyond race, religion and culture, a common humanity lies in all of us.
All the characters in the stories are struggling to deal with issues; there are, of course, misunderstandings yet as the story switches from one side of the earth to the other, viewers can see their struggles are ultimately the same and ones which everyone can emphasize with. The soundtrack for the film is simply enchanting and very melancholy. Endless Flight by Gustavo Santaolalla closes the film nicely………..
Endless Flight by Gustavo Santaolalla
Furthermore, Babel is seemingly named after the story from the bible about the Tower of Babel whereby the people of earth in their attempts to literally build a tower to reach heaven and god are punished; their common language is now no more and they literally cannot communicate and go their separate ways around earth yet remaining quintessentially the same as humans; imperfect and flawed.
The ending of the film is very beautifully placed together. In the end, all the different stories from around the world draw to a close; are the conclusions perfect? No, but there is a sense of positivity which lingers in all.
Sometimes, people who are destined to be with each other, sadly actually never have the chance to be with together. This is the premise of the hit Indian film, the Lunch Box, starring Saajan Fernandes (Irrfan Khan) and Ila (Nimrat Kaur) whose paths never cross in the film though slowly fall in love with each other through the food that IIa ‘delivers’ to her ‘cheating’ husband though due to a mistake is delivered to Saajan, a mild-mannered and lonely widower who is fully devoted to his job.
The film cleverly merges the fascinating “Dabbawalas” system of food delivery in which millions of lunches are delivered straight from a persons home to their loved one at their office and then back again after the meal is completed. The system is incredible and has been featured in many different documentaries and even studied by Harvard.
The beauty of the film lies in the fact that, the two never actually meet, and simply fall in love via the wonderfully prepared meals that IIa creates and the eventual correspondence that the two have via the discreet letters which are sent back and forth in the both full and empty containers. It is the power of ‘food’ and the written word which draws them together despite being from a different social class and world.
The film is show beautifully and offers an insight into every day life amongst the urban sprawl and how, in a city of millions, two people who still somehow ‘find’ each other.
This is a simple and whole-hearted romantic film which harks back to the old style love stories in which the theme is just two strangers falling in love though destiny is not always meant to be.
The independent gem, “The Goddess of 1967” was written by Clara Law and Eddie Fong and directed by Clara Law. It is a ‘Road’ movie like no other and viewers will be instantly drawn to the characters who are both damaged and hopeful.
Quintessentially a dramatic road film set in the isolated and haunting backdrop of the Australian outback. The story follows a Japanese businessman trying to find meaning and focus in his life. He is also completely obsessed with Citroën DS (French car brand nicknamed Goddess). He travels to Australia for the car and encounters a young disabled girl (Rose Byrne – years before she made it huge in Hollywood) and as both are outsiders, they bond and develop a relationship as they travel across Australia. Both do not fit into mainstream society and both are seeking for greater meaning in their lives. It is a whimsical film and is beautiful in terms of the scenery and lead roles acting.
Unfortunately, the film was somewhat shamelessly ripped off by the film “Japanese Story” with Toni Collette.
The ‘Goddess of 1967’ is a magical film which is well worth trying to find to view.